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Ed Hudgins

Saddam Hussein's Execution

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Saddam Hussein's Execution

by Edward Hudgins

January 4, 2007 -- Saddam Hussein is deservedly dead, hanged as the heinous criminal he was. But the process by which justice was administered was disappointing and highlights the wide gap in values between Iraq’s culture and that of any civilized country.

I wrote three years ago ("A Trial for Saddam Hussein," December 17, 2003) that a trial of Hussein offered an opportunity for Iraqis to affirm universal principles of justice the way the Nuremberg trials did after World War II. Nazi war criminals faced charges of committing aggression, crimes committed during war and crimes against humanity. The judges were representatives of the victors, but this was not victors' justice. True, the Soviet government, whose leaders deserved the same treatment as the Nazis, had a representative on the panel of judges that included members from the United States, Britain and France. But the process allowed the Nazis to defend themselves and several were even acquitted.

But most important, the crimes of the Nazi regime were documented for all to see. Principles of justice plus a detailed look at how they were undermined offered an object lesson to all countries seeking to keep the commitment of "never again."

In Iraq, Saddam was convicted and executed for the 1982 murders of 148 people in the town of Dujail in the wake of an assassination attempt against him. He deserved his fate but that trial did not lay out the broader principles of justice that should govern any legitimate regime. Nor did it review the full scope of his regime's crimes that led to the torture and deaths of hundreds of thousands.

At the Nuremberg trial Hermann Goeing, the highest ranking Nazi in the dock, tried to dominate the proceedings, making a case for his regime. It didn't work. The judges and prosecutors made sure the trial didn't become a circus. By contrast, in Baghdad Saddam was allowed to use his trial as a theater platform to continue to stir up his supporters.

The Nazis hanged at Nuremberg were taken to the gallows in an orderly manner, allowed to make any last statements they wished, and then were dispatched. Such a process, even when executing vile criminals, acknowledges them as human beings, albeit morally failed ones. It makes the point that while they deserve their fate, the actions that so damn them constitute their tragic waste of their own and others' human potential and lives.

At Saddam's hanging he was taunted by executioners with shouts of support for Moqtada al-Sadr. Al-Sadr is the Islamo-fascist Shiite death squad leader who murders Americans and other Iraqis. In a just country he would share the gallows with Hussein. Thus the execution of Saddam is seen as one group of murdering thugs killing a murdering thug opponent, not as a legitimate government administering justice. Only the Iraqis could actually elicit sympathy for a mass murderer swinging at the end of a rope.

The situation in post-war Germany when the Nazi criminals were dispatched and the situation in Iraq today offer a stark contrast between the values underpinning the two countries.

After the war there were certainly committed Nazis whose only regret was that they lost. But there were also those who favored some Nazi policies but understood too late the regime's folly would and did lead to tragedy. There were those who were deeply ashamed of themselves and their country. And there were those who had opposed the Nazis. A few fought the regime. Many were its victims and many didn't have the opportunity or courage to oppose it.

After the allied victory nearly all Germans simply wanted to put the war behind them, roll up their sleeves and rebuild the country. Germany still had enough of the civilized values manifest in the West to put the country and culture back on the path to a civilized regime.

Symbolic of the commitment to those values was the fact that amid the rubble, with little electricity, running water, food and the other comforts of a modern society, Germans gathered in freezing, collapsing auditoriums, bundled in worn coats and hats, to listen to musicians who shared their situation play Beethoven and Mozart and remind themselves of what it was to be human.

By contrast, in Iraq the culture today is driven by tribalism, religious fanaticism, Islamo-fascism, power lust, hate and envy. Yes, many Iraqis want peace and the opportunity to rebuild their lives. But too many are motivated by savagery from the depths of their souls. They value killing hundreds of each other each week over respecting the lives, liberties and property of one another, that is, the principles of civilization. Perhaps they deserve to be free but too few are actually fit to be free. Establishing a democratic regime on these values is building a house on quicksand.

Saddam Hussein is dead but his malignant spirit survives and runs with the blood in the streets of his country. What must die for civilization to live is not any given individuals but the anti-life values that they represent.

-----

Hudgins is executive director of The Atlas Society and its Objectivist Center.

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Ed,

I moved this from the place you posted it because that place is for articles and news items by people who are not members of OL.

Incidentally, I fully agree with your comments. I also think the hardline Objectivist camp is taking the influence of the Qur'an far too seriously in looking for the intellectual roots of radical Islamism. The more I study this, the more I see a direct influence of Nazism. There was a great deal of the leftovers of the Nazi organization that kept exerting strong influence Middle East Muslim countries after WWII, especially through the efforts of people like Mohammad Amin al-Husayni (the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Palestinian Arab nationalist and Nazi collaborator).

I just saw a documentary on the Nazi roots of the Saddam Hussein's rise to power. If we look at his full career, we see that his spiritual father was not Mohammad, but Hitler. His whole manner of governing echoed Hitler. (Incidentally, the documentary claimed that Mein Kampf was one of Saddam Hussein's favorite books.)

I agree that, as intellectuals, we need to address many issues in Islam, but in fighting Islamism, the Nazi leftover elements need to be targeted--in particular the work of prominent individuals who promote the idea of state-sponsored genocide of Jews (however veiled), which appears to be the unifying tie between the different cultures. There are other major Nazi-related issues as well.

Michael

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Thanks MSK! You're right that the Nazis had a real influence in the Middle East. Saddam's Baath Party certainly had direct influnce from Nazis. And the propaganda that the Nazis used are still used in the Arab-Muslim world. The savagry goes very deep.

Best,

Ed

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Ed's comments are sad but so true. A tyrant is dead, but a martyr lives on.

Forgive my ignorance, but is there a connection between the Baath Party in Iraq and the Baath party in Syria. I believe Syria supported the coalition forces against Iraq in Bush debacle I, but not in Bush II debacle #II.

Mick

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There's a documentary on PBS Monday Jan 8 (and probably repeated) on Anti-Semitism Today that gives some history and mentions specifically the relationship between the Nazis and Grand Mufti of Jerusalem.

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Michael.

The Arab Socialist Baath Party started in 1947 and opposed European influence in the Arab lands. They had a platform of Arab socialism, nationalism, and Pan-Arabism. They were relatively secular and had groups in many Arab nations and areas. Both in Syria and Iraq, they came into power in 1963, though in Iraq they were quickly out of power until 1968. Once the parties had tasted power, they split and became rival organizations.

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