My Review of Creating Christ (Valliant's Book) in PARC Posted June 8, 2018 1 hour ago, Brant Gaede said: Decent Article, but nothing in it or elsewhere establishes Rand as ever being an observant Jew. Observant here implies a strong, conscious commitment. Now, she might have once been, but if so she got rid of the memory to create a myth about herself. Culturally she was Jewish, but only in the sense I am a WASP. In the same vein I am not a Catholic, being strictly Protestant. The commonality--a commonality--with Rand is the eschewing of religious worshiping. If you don't worship God you are not in any important sense "observant." --Brant I said she was brought up Jewish. I never said she was observant. Judaism is as much a culture as it is a religion.