While I'm not a heavy-duty student of the topic, I've enjoyed the writings of Hubert Dreyfus (What Computers Can't Do and Mind Over Machine) and The Improbable Machine by Jeremy Campbell. They treat AI as a case of rationalism, the mistaken attempt to treat all intellectual activity as rule-bound deduction. Campbell draws an explicit analogy to Hayek on this point, digital AI being the counterpart of centralized economic planning.
Dreyfus allows that formal calculation can simulate the real thing ever more skillfully but still argues that such simulation won't amount to human reason. Software is much better at this than it was when he wrote, but I suspect I'd still agree with him if I were to revisit the question.