Somewhat more fully, her conception was:
The terminology is somewhat different, but Aristotle had a similar conception of the crucial role of memory for the character of perception. To all animals, there belongs
The lower of the conscious species possess only the faculty of sensation . . . . A sensation is produced by the automatic reaction of a sense organ to a stimulus from the outside world; it lasts for the duration of the immediate moment, as long as the stimulus lasts and no longer.
The higher organisms possess a much more potent form of consciousness: they possess the faculty of retaining sensations, which is the faculty of perception. . . . which gives it the ability to be aware, not of single stimuli, but of entities, of things. An animal [of this level] is guided, not merely by immediate sensations, but by percepts.(OE 18–19)
a connate discriminatory capacity, which is called perception. And if perception is present in them, in some animals retention of the percept comes about, but in others it does not come about. Now for those in which it does not come about, there is no knowledge outside perceiving (either none at all, or none with regard to that of which there is no retention); but for some perceivers, it is possible to grasp it with their minds. (APo 99b35–40)
By nature animals are born with the faculty of sensation, and from sensation memory is produced in some of them though not in others. And therefore the former are more intelligent and apt at learning than those which cannot remember. (Metaph. 980a28–30)
Edited by Stephen Boydstun, 23 August 2009 - 09:40 AM.